Chalmers Writing Guide

Referencing

How to reference? 

There are many different referencing systems used throughout the world. The most commonly used at Chalmers are the APA system / Harvard (author-date) and the IEEE system (a numerical system). 

APA system: More recent studies (Jones, 2014; James, 2013) have argued that.... 

IEEE system: More recent studies [1,2] have argued that... 

See the library for more information. Check with your supervisor which referencing system is recommended if you are unsure. 

Be aware: 

All references that are listed at the end of the text should be referred to in the text itself

Figures should also have a reference if they are taken from somewhere else