The results section usually includes the following:

  • the findings of the project, often in the form of data.
  • comments on those findings which illustrate the significance of the results (these comments may also be included in the discussion)
  • data commentary (see visual support)

A results section can also include possible deviations or unexpected results.


  • Find out whether a results section or combined results / discussion section is most common in your area
  • Decide how relevant the data is to your discussion as to whether you include it in the results section or in an appendix
  • Language: the results section tends to be written in the past tense
For useful phrases to use in reporting results and discussing findings, click here for the University of Manchester’s Academic Phrasebank.